Overarching Essential Questions and Enduring Understandings for Writing

  • TEXT TYPES AND PURPOSES


    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understanding

    • An argument’s effectiveness depends upon the validity and appropriateness of the supporting evidence and how the argument is conveyed.

    K-8 Program Essential Questions

    • What makes an argument convincing?
    • What evidence can I use to support my argument?
    • How do I organize and present my argument?

    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 2: Write informative/ explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understandings

    • Conveying information and ideas clearly depends upon selecting and analyzing information and organizing that content for a specific purpose.
    • An information writer’s purpose is to demonstrate understanding of a topic and for the readers to become informed.

    K-8 Program Essential Questions

    • What is my purpose for writing informational/explanatory texts?
    • What is the value of information?
    • How do I organize and structure my informational/explanatory writing?

    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understanding

    • Narratives provide a way to share real or imagined experiences and/or events in writing.

    K-8 Program Essential Questions

    • Why do writers write and share their real or imagined experiences/stories?
    • What makes a story engaging?
    • How can we learn about each other and the world through sharing our stories?
    • How do I organize and structure my story/narrative writing?


    PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION


    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understanding

    • Proficient writers make deliberate choices regarding content, language, and style to convey their message to a target audience.

    K-8 Program Essential Questions

    • What makes a clear and coherent piece of writing?
    • How does audience shape my writing?

    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 5: Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understandings

    • Writing is strengthened through a recursive process involving gathering ideas, planning, drafting, revising, and editing.
    • Writers reflect on their writing.

    K-8 Program Essential Questions

    • How does a writing process strengthen/support my writing?
    • How do I develop and refine my ideas?
    • How can I get and use helpful feedback to improve my writing?

    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 6: Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understanding

    • Different publishing media (e.g. digital, print) influence content, structure, and style.

    K-8 Program Essential Question

    • How do I choose which media to use to communicate my message?


    RESEARCH TO BUILD AND PRESENT KNOWLEDGE


    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 7: Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understandings

    • There are multiple sources of information and those selected depend on the purpose and audience for writing.
    • Clear and focused questions help researchers find the desired information.

    K-8 Program Essential Question

    • What am I looking for and how do I find it?

    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 8: Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understanding

    • Effective researchers evaluate the credibility, accuracy, and relevance of information.

    K-8 Program Essential Questions

    • How do I know what to believe in what I read, hear, and view?
    • How do I evaluate a source?

    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 9: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understanding

    • Effective research involves a recursive inquiry process.

    K-8 Program Essential Questions

    • How can I support my findings and conclusions?
    • How can I revise my thinking based on new evidence or information?


    RANGE OF WRITING


    Common Core Anchor Writing Standard

    Standard 10: Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.

    K-8 Program Enduring Understandings

    • Writers write on a regular basis for a variety of purposes.
    • Writers build stamina, volume, and confidence over time.
    • Writers persevere.
    • Writers are flexible depending on the purpose, audience, and intent.

    K-8 Program Essential Questions

    • Why am I writing? What is my purpose?
    • Who is my audience? What will work best for my audience?